Published: June 28th, 2016
Awards: Goodreads Choice Award Nominee for Memoir and Autobiography; New York Times #1 Bestseller; Named by The Times as “One of six books to help understand Trump’s win”
This is a memoir from the point of view of a “hillbilly” growing up in the Rust Belt of America. He is an anomaly of sorts in that he was able to escape the circumstances of his past and become such a success story. His mother was an addict and abusive. He, as a child, was a victim of her abuse. She had a rotation of husbands and boyfriends continuously entering and leaving their lives. Despite this, he was able to move on. After high school, he joined the marines and served in Iraq. Then, he went on to Ohio State and Yale Law School. His story drew me in right away. He tells his story through this lens: “…for those of us lucky enough to live the American Dream, the demons of the life we left behind continue to chase us.”
He tells his own life story alongside statistics and study data of the area, its people and culture at large. I found this a fascinating read from a voice in a corner of the world we do not often hear from. It provides certain insights and offers plenty of discussion points. It is incredible that he had the resilience of character combined with the alignment of certain factors that gave him the will and drive to succeed as he did. He comes across with great humility attributing his success to these factors that did align in the right way for him. He could have just as easily, perhaps more easily fallen into a life of addiction and poverty.
Mamaw is a crucial supporter for J.D. Vance and a relentless voice encouraging him to be more, to think bigger for himself. Mamaw and Papaw had moved to Ohio for factory jobs from southeastern Kentucky alongside so many others. There is a reference to Dwight Yokam’s song “Reading, Rightin’, Rt. 23” and how relatable this was to Mamaw as well as much of Appalachia at that time. When J.D.’s mother and aunt were growing up, Papaw was an alcoholic and the relationship between the parents was stormy, even violent at times. Mamaw eventually kicked Papaw out and becomes a guiding force and bright light for J.D. as well as for many other of her grandchildren and great grandchildren, even though this stability was not provided for her own children. Papaw serves as her sidekick, still living in his separate house, sober now.
There is a fair amount of discussion within the book about how Appalachia and the South went from firmly Democratic to firmly Republican in less than a generation. According to this book, there was a perceived unfairness to unemployment checks, whereby those not working would seem to actually have more luxuries, like cell phones, than those who were working hard. Also, in the realm of housing, people could live in Section 8 housing with help from the government and be neighbors to others who are paying their full share. Obama was apparantly unpalatable to the hillbilly people because he was so educated and spoke so differently from them. They did not feel they could relate to him. Oh, and maybe there was some racism involved too (but this point was strangely mentioned almost as an afterthought.) This is a class of people, strongly united in their identity, but left feeling hopeless and disenfranchised with the loss of industry where they were previously employed.
This culture of blue collar worker with their tight knit community has higher than average levels of drug and alcohol dependence, divorce, and poverty. The children of this community are less likely to go on to college. The men are more likely not to work. Those that do go off to college are unlikely to come back to their home towns. Thus, there occurs a phenomenon referred to as “brain drain.” This cycle is self perpetuating and reinforcing. It is “a culture of social decay” as J.D. Vance puts it. There is also a “learned helplessness, ” in other words, a feeling that there is nothing these people can do to change their own circumstances.
Politically, this book is very interesting. J.D. Vance blames the hillbilly culture for their own situation. He believes in hard work and personal responsibility despite hardships. His views are very conservative.
J.D. Vance is a venture capitalist in Ohio hoping to give back to the community he came from. I will be very interested in seeing how he does give back, especially after painting such a bleak outlook for the potentiality of a solution to the problems faced by these people. He does say that the one thing he’d most like to change about the white working class is “the feeling that our choices don’t matter.” With his law background, it will be interesting to see if he decides to jump into politics at some point. He certainly seems interested in public policy, although skeptical of the magic bandaid. This is an interesting, thought provoking book providing insight into a region, a class of people, as well as a pivotal period in history.
J.D. & Mamaw J.D. Vance
- Do you feel that you learned more about the culture of Appalacia through this novel? Do you feel it was accurately portrayed? Why might some people in Appalacia take issue with this novel?
- Discuss the guiding forces in J.D. Vance’s life that allowed him to succeed. Discuss the role of the military in shaping his perspective and work ethic.
- Discuss the psychological effects of J.D.’s background on his current personal life.
- Why is social capital important? How does this change for the author through his life?
- How would you describe J.D. Vance’s political views? If he were a politician, who policy changes would he lobby for?
- Explain this “learned helplessness” that J.D. Vance talks about.
- Why would Donald Trump as a presidential candidate appeal to this group of people? What do you think they hope from him?
- Discuss Vance’s feeling of dislocation upon graduating from Yale. How does he come to terms with them or does he?
- Towards the end of the book, Vance asks himself, “How much is Mom’s life her own fault? Where does blame stop and sympathy begin?” What are your thoughts?
- Do you think this book would have received so much attention had it not been an election year? … had Trump not been a candidate?
- What does this book say about the American Dream? Where and for whom is this dream alive? Where has it died?
- Did you feel that that J.D. Vance was blaming the victim as many of his critics have complained?
Review by Jennifer Senior in the NY Times
Review by Joshua Rothman in The New Yorker
Discussion Questions by LitLovers
Ron Dreher’s interview with J.D. Vance in The American Conservative